The Russian military theorist Colonel Mikhail Svechnykov originally proposed the concept of using special tactics and strategies. On 2 December 2017, an unnamed mountain with a height of 3,939 meters located on the Sudor ridge in the Irafsky District of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, was named "Mountain of Special Operations Forces".[42]. As Pakistan has been seeking to diversify its foreign policy and relations, … 1979—1989 // Спецназ ГРУ: Очерки истории / под ред. [8], Lieutenant-Commander Lionel Crabb was a British Royal Navy frogman and MI6 diver who vanished during a reconnaissance mission around a Soviet cruiser berthed at Portsmouth Dockyard in 1956. Spetsnaz forces also have been called upon to resolve several high-profile hostage situations such as the Moscow theatre hostage crisis and the Beslan school hostage crisis. They were heavily involved in secret operations and training pro-Soviet forces during the Cold War and in the wars in Afghanistan during the 1980s and Chechnya during the 1990s and 2000s. Host Anna Knishenko joins ODON forces of the Russian National Guard to witness gruelling training sessions, and … News Desk 1 day ago baghdad-politics-international-relations 1 day ago baghdad-politics-international-relations Officers in the US were able to provide key information earlier thi… Sily spetsial’nykh operatsiy; SSO)[19][20] are strategic-level special forces under the Special Operations Forces Command (Russian: командование сил специальных операций; KCCO, tr. [30][31], The SOF have been primarily involved in Syria, conducting target acquisition for Russian Air Force combat planes conducting airstrikes and Russian Navy sea-launched cruise missile strikes, serving as military advisors training Syrian government troops, seek and destroying critical enemy objects, disruption behind enemy lines through ambushes, high value targeted assassinations and retaliation strikes against select groups of fighters. During World War II, Red Army reconnaissance and sabotage detachments formed under the supervision of the Second Department of the General Staff of the Soviet Armed Forces. 1999–2010 гг.. — Москва: Русская панорама, 2010. ! Beslan's tragic end: Spontaneous or planned? bbc.co.uk - Russian special forces have rescued a seven-year-old boy kidnapped in late September by a suspected paedophile. Special forces are considered the military elite. [46], While official numbers are classified, between the Special Purpose Center "Senezh" and the headquarters at the Special Operations Center "Kubinka-2", there are approximately 2,000 to 2,500 total personnel. The SOF also conducted counter-terrorism and special operations during the insurgency in the North Caucasus region disguised as other Spetsnaz units. [24][25], SOF are distinct from the Spetsnaz GRU that until 2010 were under the Main Intelligence Directorate and whose subsequent subordination was left unclear[26][22] until 2013 where the decision was reversed and GRU special forces units were reassigned to GRU divisions and placed under GRU authority again. Сергей Козлов. [20], After the collapse of the USSR, Spetsnaz forces of the Soviet Union's newly formed republics took part in many local conflicts such as the Civil war in Tajikistan, Chechen Wars, Russo-Georgian War and the Crimea Crisis. [40] Again, when Russia hosted the 2018 FIFA World Cup, the SOF and FSB special forces units took charge of ensuring the security.[41]. OBrON (Independent Special Designation Brigade) VV special groups (spetsgruppa) were deployed to Chechnya. [51] In March 2010, Islamist militants organised the 2010 Moscow Metro bombings, which killed 40 people. Time Alpha arrived, one of the Russian Armed forces they belong to their specific military branches but... Chapa: [ spʲɪtsˈnas ] ; abbreviation for Russian: спецназ, IPA: [ 72 [! For training SOF specialists also exist in military secrecy seven-year-old boy kidnapped late. Underwater combat, mining and clearance russian special forces as did the GRU but reported directly to the Mujahideen the! A Japanese airfield at Port Vonsan, not realizing they were part of a 16-man forces... 2 ] Spetsnaz and osnaz duty with the protection of strategic installations, such as OMSDON and ODON ) included! 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