Modern Irrigation Methods: (v) Sprinkler Irrigation Method: In present times, when water crisis is developing very fast everywhere, we should adopt improved techniques of irrigation to encourage suitable water management. Conserving water through the Drip Irrigation system. Irrigation is the process of applying controlled amounts of water to plants at needed intervals. Suffice to say that adopting efficient irrigation approaches are the need of the hour. There are several modern methods of irrigation which are listed below Drip irrigation: The drip irrigation is the drop by drop emmision of water at the root zone of crop. These include – Surface irrigation, sprinkler, drip and subsurface. Get ideas for your own presentations. Here is a quick start guide of modern irrigation methods being used commonly these days. The Minister expressed confidence that the efforts of the farmers to conserve water through the use of modern irrigation systems would increase their productivity and boost their incomes, in addition to affording them better standards of living and elevating their status in the society. Trickle irrigation is that method of irrigation in which water (and nutrients) are continuously applied at the base of each plant through small plastic tubes; virtually eliminates all evaporation from soil, deep percolation, and runoff, and leads to very high efficiency in the use of water. There are also cheap effective methods similar to drip irrigation such as the use of soaking hoses that can even be submerged in the … Some traditional methods of irrigation can result in wastage of water and increased water bill. 2. The management of water resources must be radically revised to speed up the adoption of modern concepts and techniques in irrigation. The evidence from research and field measurements shows that this is not the case. we can save about 40-60% water. Water saving using modern irrigation methods. You can save up to 60 percent water every year you utilize this method. Credit – Sayantan Sarkar. Modern irrigation method Drip irrigation method. Lift irrigation is also practiced. Sprinkler irrigationIn sprinkler or overhead irrigation, water is piped to one or more central locations within the field and distributed by overhead high-pressure sprinklers or guns. As the availability of water is not the same in every area, farmers need to use different methods of irrigation … Many are downloadable. Low-flow faucets enabled with smart home technology utilize sensors to reduce wasted water. This system is automated and can regulate the irrigation water at different sections of the field based on a pre-defined plan. Gravity Flow Irrigation Systems convey and distribute water at the field Watch Modern Methods of Irrigation in English from Improvement in Crop Yield and Environmental Chemistry and From Field to Plate here. There are multiple methods to save you money, conserve water and decrease the amount of time that you put into your lawn that can make your yard stand out above the rest. It is raised bed technology one of the efficient irrigation methods in which water moves in furrow, and crop is planted on raised beds. This 200-year-old system involves 18-20 litres of water entering the bamboo pipe system every minute to irrigate the fields downhill. (2012) estimate the actual water use in the range between 21360-28290 m3/ha, for density of 100 tree/ha. This system is good for a small yard or for watering individual plants. The drip garden irrigation system is a system designed to sufficiently deliver water only to a plant rootstock through a vented irrigation line that runs through your garden and trickles little drips of water slowly into the soil at just the right spot. Low-flow fixtures are inexpensive and can make a big impact on your water bill. With rainfall patterns changing almost every year, the Indian government has started looking at means to revive the traditional systems of water harvesting in the country. Sprinkler irription method is an easy and simple method of irrigation … Drip and sprinkler systems save up to 75 percent out of the 90 percent of water that Pakistan uses for agriculture. Al-Amoud et al. The following are the two methods of irrigation: Sprinkler method- it is a method in which the water sprinkles on the crops as if it is raining. Many countries are going through alarming water scarcity. In the Yaqui Valley of Mexico, farmers have shifted to a bed and furrow system for wheat planting due to shortage of water. Trickle Irrigation. of modern technologies, like drip irrigation, leads to substantial water savings, releasing the saved water to the environment or to other uses. Irrigation helps to grow agricultural crops, maintain landscapes, and revegetate disturbed soils in dry areas and during periods of less than average rainfall. It is a globally significant and accelerating problem that immensely affects the water needs of both human as well as natural environment. • It is a method of artificially raising the water table to allow the soil to be moistened from below the plants' root zone. It’s estimated that switching all of your faucets and showerheads to low-flow models can reduce your water usage by between 30-50%, and save you between $50-90 per water bill. Be sure to turn off your system if you’re getting enough water from rain showers. These modern irrigation techniques have been discussed in detail below – Surface irrigation – It is one of the most common methods of irrigation. Modern Methods of Irrigation The methods of irrigation can be divided into four main types. Right from seed germination to the proper growth of the crop, water is needed at all stages. Modern irrigation techniques are also effective if done on a large scale. The stored water is used for drinking and recharging groundwater in adjacent wells. Bamboo Drip Irrigation System. Sources: Plusquellec, H.; Burt, C. and Wolter, H. W. (1994, May). Let’s have a look at the list of some modern innovative water conservation techniques that have been developed in India in recent times: Proceedings of Hydrorama 2002, 3 rd International Forum: Integrated Water Management: The Key to Sustainable Water Resources, EYDAP. The water supply to the crops grown at a regular interval is known as irrigation. Share yours for free! water requirements in Qassem region, using soil water balance method, he determined the annual water use with drip irrigation as 16400 m3/ha, with a density of 100 tree/ha. Water conservation is a key element of any strategy that aims to alleviate the water scarcity crisis in India. Photo Source. The modern ways of watering crops are useful for conservation of water and energy. The benefit at the local “on-farm” scale may Water is the most important requirement for agriculture. CONCLUSION According to me, modern irrigation techniques should be used and promoted because they save lot of water. the two methods of irrigation are traditional method and modern method. ... With the advancement of technology and increasing need for water new methods are adopted to conserve water using scientific techniques. The potential for water conservation is extremely evident in this method of water delivery. Author: Shikha Shah. Learn new and interesting things. Sub-Irrigation • It has been used for many years where there is a lot of ground water available. The World Bank. White paper. So, it has become necessary to save water by adopting a suitable method of irrigation that will use less amount of water and provide better efficiency. The pressurized systems include sprinkler, trickle, and the array of similar systems in which water is conveyed to and distributed over the farmland through pressurized pipe networks. This system of water conservation and usage of stream and spring water is done using bamboo pipes. It is a wise investment to consider the professional modern irrigation system as it can save you time, water, and money over time. In our previous post – Water Conservation Methods in India, we showcased some of the best traditional water conservation techniques, in this post we have covered some of the innovative water conservation practices. Modern water control in irrigation. Furrow-Irrigated . However, modern methods are more efficient and use less water as compared to traditional irrigation. 4. Irrigation efficiency became a field of study in the late 1970s. Drip Irrigation. but sprinkler and drip system conserve water. Surface irrigation methods and were … With agriculture responsible for the largest water usage in the United States and with irrigation dams being the most common type of water supply dam, it is important to examine the way this industry uses water and how conservation methods can be used to increase efficiencies and thus possibly decrease the need for dams. When a pump is used to draw out water from a narrow well,it is called tube-well .They are used increasingly for lifting underground water to be used for irrigation in agriculture. Sprinkler irrigation International Bank for Reconstruction and Development. While these new methods can increase yields in the already cultivable lands, they can turn arid land parcels in crop-producing areas as well. Modern Methods of Rain-Water Harvesting in Rajasthan. By adapting this method. • Advantages are water and nutrient conservation, and labor-saving through lowered system maintenance and automation. Practised in Meghalaya, its primary purpose is to irrigate plantations. View Modern Methods Of Irrigation PPTs online, safely and virus-free! There are many individual system configurations identified by unique features (centre-pivot sprinkler systems). Watch all CBSE Class 5 to 12 Video Lectures here. Water early in the morning to reduce the evaporation rate. 2. Drip method: it is a system in which the water directly … In the Drip irrigation system, water supplies to plant roots through a collection of plastic pipes, lateral tubes, and valves. Traditional method of irrigation are cheaper but less efficient.Pumps are commonly used for lifting water.These pumps run by electricity,diesel,biogas or solar energy. In particular this needs ‘investments in more efficient irrigation systems, use of new technologies (e.g. The Drip Irrigation system has many functions, but the main task of these systems is to conserve water and how it does this is discussed below: Provides water uniformly to the farms almost around 90%. Using drip irrigation methods can save up to 30,000 gallons of water per year when replacing irrigation systems that spray in all directions. Irrigation Methods – Flooding Irrigation Method: This type of irrigation method consists of opening a water channel in a field so that the water is allowed freely in all directions of land and cover the surface of the land in a continuous sheet kind. If water runs off your yard, split your watering times into two or more sessions. So if water conservation is a must, consider the idea of using furrow irrigation. Also modern irrigational method is important for increasing demand of food crops. 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